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FROM THE OUTSKIRTS TO DOWNOWN: TAXES, LAND USE & VALUE IN 15 NEW HAMPSHIRE COMMUNITIES – Analysis by Joe Minicozzi of Urban3
What types of development create the greatest tax revenue for New Hampshire communities – suburban sprawl and big box stores, or dense, downtown development? In New Hampshire, property taxes are the key revenue source for New Hampshire’s local governments. Tax rates, land use and land value from one end of town to the other often vary in surprising ways.
To better understand the economic and policy implications of these three property tax elements, New Hampshire Housing contracted with Joe Minicozzi of Urban3 to analyze what types of development create the greatest tax return in 15 communities around the state.
By using these data to create 3D visualizations, Urban 3’s analysis reveals the potential for improving the fiscal health of each of these 15 communities. The visuals show what types of development create the greatest tax return for communities, and create a clear and data-driven understanding of the economics of place. With these 3D depictions of its data, a community can use this as a tool to make public policy adjustments, with the goal of creating long-term financial resiliency.
New Hampshire Housing contracted with Urban3 to analyze the property tax revenues of Berlin, Claremont, Concord, Dover, Exeter, Hanover, Hudson, Keene, Laconia, Lebanon, Nashua, Pelham, Peterborough, Portsmouth and Rochester. (In 2018, the Orbit Group hired Urban3 to conduct an analysis of Manchester.)
Joseph Minicozzi, AICP is the principal of Urban3, which looks at how land is used and affects tax productivity. He is an urban planner who utilizes new ways to think about and visualize land use, urban design, and economics.
Statewide Report (video & PDF)
Seacoast (video & PDF)
Upper Valley (video & PDF)
Southern Tier (video & PDF)
Southwest (video & PDF)
NORTH COUNTRY HOUSING STUDY
In this year-long project, New Hampshire Housing is working with the North Country Council and Stepwise Data Research to provide both qualitative and quantitative analyses of the North Country’s housing market and the needs of the people who live there. This project is supported by a grant from the Neil and Louise Tillotson Fund.
Contact: Jack Ruderman | firstname.lastname@example.org
CNU PROJECT FOR CODE REFORM
The Congress for the New Urbanism (CNU) is working with New Hampshire Housing to extend its Project for Code Reform to New Hampshire. This year-long project will make recommendations for changes to the state’s local land use statutes and provide accompanying language for local ordinances and regulations. New Hampshire Housing has assembled a team of stakeholders to advise us along the way. For an example of CNU’s work, see their recent project in Vermont.
Stakeholder Kick-off Meeting (8/10/2020)
Contact: Ben Frost | email@example.com
SMALL-SCALE DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOP (9/2020) & BOOT CAMP (Spring 2021, tent.)
The Incremental Development Alliance (IncDev) workshop on small-scale real estate development took a big-picture view of neighborhood-based development to help attendees analyze what makes a good project, how a building makes money, and how small developers interact with professionals in the built environment. The goal is to help aspiring developers feel more prepared to take the first steps on their own project.
HOUSING NEEDS STUDY
Parts 1 and 2 of this study by economist Russ Thibeault will be published in late fall 2020.